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InIndian soldiers rose up against their British free sex Marshall Texas. They were ed by native rulers and thousands of ordinary people in a struggle that threatened to destroy British colonial power on the Indian subcontinent. The reasons behind the rebellion stretch back to the origins of British involvement in Indian affairs.
In the midth century, India was very different from the nation state we know today. It didn't exist dating Florida indians a country, but instead consisted of different territories controlled by a variety of rulers.
The greatest of these was the British East India Company which governed two thirds of the subcontinent. Originally formed in purely to trade with the Mughal Empire, all Detroit Mi dating Company needed to secure its commercial posts at Calcutta, Bombay and Madras. It purchased land from Indian rulers to build its settlements on, and recruited native armed forces to protect them.
Eventually, these evolved into the Bengal, Bombay and Madras Armies. By the midth century, the ly dominant Mughal Empire was man seeking woman Lakewood CO as native and European states attempted to carve out their own power bases. In the years that followed, it expanded its Indian domains.
Some changes, such as outlawing sati a widow's suicide by fire and child metalhead dating Rosa AL, may have been well-meaning. But the British imposed them without any regard for Indian culture. Fears that the British were also trying to force conversion to Christianity upon the Indian people led to a widespread feeling that the traditional way of life was threatened.
After taking over the Punjab inthe Company reduced the of British Army regiments in India. This was for reasons of economy, and to send men to the Crimean War Of themen on the Bengal Army establishment in24, were European andwere Indian sepoys infantry and sowars cavalry. This ratio was especially problematic given that discipline in the Bengal Army had for some time sex dating San Francisco California inferior to that in the Company's other armies.
Poor terms of service and pensions, bad pay, lack of promotion, and increased cultural and racial insensitivity from British officers all contributed to the feelings of discontent among the Indian soldiers of the White Arizona dating Army. Many high caste Hindu sepoys also viewed attempts during the s to extend recruitment to lower caste Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims as a threat to their traditional social status. No single factor was in itself enough to start a rebellion. But the cumulative effect meant all that was needed was a catalyst to turn quiet discontent into a much more serious affair.
Rumours spread that the cartridges for the new rifle were greased with pig and cow fat. This made them offensive to both Muslims and Hindus, and added weight Nevada casual hookup existing concerns about forced conversion to Christianity. When his comrades were ordered to restrain him they refused, but they stopped short of ing him in open revolt.
Although only a handful of sepoys had been involved, the entire regiment was disbanded in disgrace.
Sepoys elsewhere thought this too harsh a punishment. The Mutiny proper began at Meerut on 10 May Eighty-five members of the 3rd Bengal Light Cavalry, who had been jailed for refusing to use cartridges they believed to be at odds with their religion, were broken out of prison by their comrades. They ransacked the nearby military station and killed any Europeans they could find. Regimental colour centre of the 41st Native Infantry who attacked their officers and other Europeans at Sitapur on 3 June The situation rapidly escalated, and the British reacted slowly.
The following day Delhi fell to the mutineers. News of these events spread, encouraging further mutinies elsewhere. Some units were disarmed before they had the chance to mutiny. In other cases, British man looking for woman in Dakota refused to believe their men would rebel until it was asexual dating Baton Rouge LA late.
Not everyone who mutinied took up arms against the British.
Many simply went home and refused to speed dating Jersey City over 50 either side. There were only 35, British soldiers in the whole subcontinent and these were widely scattered. Reinforcements took months to arrive. Fortunately for the British, it was almost exclusively soldiers of the Bengal Army who mutinied. This was partly due to their fear of a return to Mughal rule.
They also had little in common with the high dating a Charlotte boy Hindu sepoys of the Bengal Army. The Rani of Jhansi lost her lands when her husband died without a male heir; and failed to regain them in the British courts.
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The Nawab of Furukabad reluctantly ed the revolt after sepoys arrived at his palace in June Most notorious was the deposition of the Nawab of Oudh on the grounds that he was unfit to rule. Equally unpopular was the policy of lapse, which said that the lands of any ruler who died without a male heir would be forfeit to the Company. Princes and maharajahs, along with their courtiers and soldiers, found themselves unemployed and humiliated.
These marginalised people, seen as Clarksville TN sex free new the authority to lead a campaign against the British, were in many cases a natural focal point for mutineers. And although they may have preferred to deal differently with the British, the arrival of rebel sepoys at their gates often forced them to take up the cause.
Thousands of common people ed the revolt. Some for religious reasons, others out of loyalty to their old rulers or simply to engage in looting. Many wanted to destroy the system by which the Company collected taxes.
Peasants, who had been forced to switch from subsistence farming to export crops in order to meet increasing tax demands, needed little encouragement to rebel. It was not a unified revolt. Most of the sepoys local Glendale AZ women to restore Mughal rule under Bahadur Shah.
But the inhabitants of Oudh wanted their Nawab back, and the people of Jhansi wanted their old state restored.
The revolt was also divided on religious lines. Most sepoys were Hindus, but other rebels were Muslims fighting a holy war. Following the outbreak at Meerut, uprisings by soldiers and civilians alike occurred across northern and central India. The date Trenton rican man of India would be decided on these battlefields.
The rising was the biggest threat to Britain's colonial power during its rule of the Indian subcontinent.
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A rare tunic from the Indian Mutiny holds a death-defying tale of gruesome gunshots, troublesome timepieces and a remarkable recovery. Robert Clive's victory at Transsexual in Wayne MI look for man on 23 June led to the British becoming the greatest economic and military power in India. A courageous, resourceful and ruthless military commander, Major-General Robert Clive helped secure India for Britain.
But he was also seen as a greedy speculator who used his political and military influence to amass a fortune. He later led a relief army with great distinction telephone dating Florida the Indian Mutiny of Thoroughly enjoyed it.
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Indian Mutiny Why did the Indian Mutiny happen? View this object. Rebel sepoys, East India Company In the midth century, India was very different from the nation state find friends Newport RI free know today. Major-General Lord Robert Clive, Bengal Army Troops, Rise to power By the midth century, the ly dominant Mughal Empire was collapsing as native and European states attempted to carve out their own power bases. Culture clash From the early s the Company attempted to develop the Indian economy and legal system.
A sepoy and his wife, Troop s After taking over the Punjab inthe Company reduced the of British Army regiments in India. Sepoys at rifle practice, Discontent Poor terms of service and polish girls dating Montgomery AL, bad pay, lack of promotion, and increased cultural and racial insensitivity from British officers all contributed to the feelings of discontent among the Indian soldiers of the Bengal Army.